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Example of factory-bean in Spring

By Arvind Rai, April 07, 2013
On this page, we will provide example of factory-bean in spring. factory-bean is an attribute of bean tag in spring. It works with factory-method attribute of bean tag. To understand factory-bean, we need to create a factory class which will have non- static methods to return the bean instance. Factory class must have a static method to return the instance of class itself. For the example, we have two service classes and one factory class. Factory class will return the instance of service classes. We need to follow below steps to work with factory-bean.

1. Create a bean for factory class and use factory-method attributes to declare factory instance method.
2. Now we will use factory-bean and factory-method attribute of bean tag.
3. factory-bean attribute will assign factory bean id and factory-method will assign method of factory class which will return the object of class which will be considered as spring bean.

XML for factory-bean and factory-method

Find the XML file which will show the use of factory-bean and factory-method attribute of bean tag.
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
  xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:util="http://www.springframework.org/schema/util"
  xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/util http://www.springframework.org/schema/util/spring-util-3.0.xsd">
    <bean id="serviceFactory" class="com.concretepage.ServiceFactory" factory-method="createInstance">
    <bean id="userService" factory-bean="serviceFactory" factory-method="createUserService">
    <bean id="loginService" factory-bean ="serviceFactory" factory-method="createLoginService">

Factory and Service Classes

package com.concretepage;
public class ServiceFactory {
	private static UserService userService= new UserService();
	private static LoginService loginService= new LoginService();
	private static ServiceFactory serviceFactory= new ServiceFactory();
	private ServiceFactory(){}
	public  UserService createUserService(){
		return userService;
	public  LoginService createLoginService(){
		return loginService;
	public static ServiceFactory createInstance(){
		return serviceFactory;

package com.concretepage;
public class UserService {
	  public UserService() {
		  System.out.println("Initialising UserService.");

package com.concretepage;
public class LoginService {
	public LoginService(){
		System.out.println("Initialising LoginService.");

Main class to run demo

package com.concretepage;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;
public class SpringDemo {
    public static void main(String... args) {
        ApplicationContext context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("spring-config.xml");
Find the output.
Initialising UserService.
Initialising LoginService. 

Download Source Code


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