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Spring 4 + Hibernate 4 + Gradle Integration Example using Annotation

By Arvind Rai, July 28, 2014
On this page, we will learn Spring 4 and Hibernate 4 integration using annotation and the project will be build using Gradle. For Hibernate 4, spring provides LocalSessionFactoryBuilder, to get SessionFactory. In our example we are using MySQL to save data. We will not use hibernate.cfg.xml. We are using BasicDataSource to get DataSource. Learn step by step the integration of spring 4 and hibernate 4 now.

Software Used

In our example we are using below software to build and run Spring 4 and Hibernate 4 integration.
1. JDK 7
2. Eclipse
3. Gradle 2.0
4. MySQL 5.5

Project Structure in Eclipse

Find the below print screen that is showing how the project structure is there in eclipse.
Spring 4 + Hibernate 4 + Gradle Integration Example using Annotation

Gradle Script for JAR Dependency

We are using Gradle to build the project and eclipse classpath for JAR dependency.
build.gradle
apply plugin: 'java'
apply plugin: 'eclipse'
archivesBaseName = 'Concretepage'
version = '1.0-SNAPSHOT' 
repositories {
    mavenCentral()
}
jar {
	manifest {
		attributes 'Main-Class': 'com.concretepage.Spring4Hibernate4Test'
	}
}
dependencies {
   compile 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-data-jpa:1.1.4.RELEASE'
   compile 'org.hibernate:hibernate-core:4.3.6.Final'
   compile 'javax.servlet:javax.servlet-api:3.1.0'
   compile 'org.slf4j:slf4j-simple:1.7.7'
   compile 'org.javassist:javassist:3.15.0-GA'
   compile 'mysql:mysql-connector-java:5.1.31'
   compile 'commons-dbcp:commons-dbcp:1.4'  
} 

Create Database Table

For the demo we have created a table in MySQL database. Find the script to create the table.
Table: person
CREATE TABLE `person` (
	`id` INT(10) NULL DEFAULT NULL,
	`name` VARCHAR(50) NULL DEFAULT NULL
)
COLLATE='latin1_swedish_ci'
ENGINE=InnoDB; 

Java Entity to Persist Data

Find the entity that is representing the person table. There is two column id and name.
Person.java
package com.concretepage.entity;
import javax.persistence.Column;
import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.Id;
import javax.persistence.Table;
@Entity
@Table(name="person")
public class Person { 
	@Id
	@Column(name="id")
        private int id;  
	@Column(name="name")
        private String name;
	public int getId() {
		return id;
	}
	public void setId(int id) {
		this.id = id;
	}
	public String getName() {
		return name;
	}
	public void setName(String name) {
		this.name = name;
	}
} 

Configuration Class: Create SessionFactory Using LocalSessionFactoryBuilder

This is the most important class which will play the role of integrating Spring 4 and Hibernate 4. We are using BasicDataSource to get DataSource. This DataSource is passed to LocalSessionFactoryBuilder class to get SessionFactory. Finally SessionFactory is passed to HibernateTemplate. For transaction management we are using HibernateTransactionManager .
AppConfig.java
package com.concretepage.config;  
import javax.sql.DataSource;
import org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource;
import org.hibernate.SessionFactory;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.orm.hibernate4.HibernateTemplate;
import org.springframework.orm.hibernate4.HibernateTransactionManager;
import org.springframework.orm.hibernate4.LocalSessionFactoryBuilder;
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.EnableTransactionManagement;
import com.concretepage.dao.IPersonDao;
import com.concretepage.dao.PersonDao;
import com.concretepage.entity.Person;
@Configuration 
@EnableTransactionManagement
public class AppConfig {  
	@Bean  
        public IPersonDao personDao() {  
           return new PersonDao();  
        }
	@Bean
	public HibernateTemplate hibernateTemplate() {
		return new HibernateTemplate(sessionFactory());
	}
	@Bean
	public SessionFactory sessionFactory() {
		return new LocalSessionFactoryBuilder(getDataSource())
		   .addAnnotatedClasses(Person.class)
		   .buildSessionFactory();
	}
	@Bean
	public DataSource getDataSource() {
	    BasicDataSource dataSource = new BasicDataSource();
	    dataSource.setDriverClassName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver");
	    dataSource.setUrl("jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/concretepage");
	    dataSource.setUsername("root");
	    dataSource.setPassword("");
	 
	    return dataSource;
	}
	@Bean
	public HibernateTransactionManager hibTransMan(){
		return new HibernateTransactionManager(sessionFactory());
	}
} 

Dao Classes

Create the Dao class to save person in the database. Make it @Transactional to recover database transaction failure. Find the interface.
IPersonDao.java
package com.concretepage.dao;
public interface IPersonDao {
  public void savePerson();
} 
Now find the implementation class. For the demo, we are saving a person object into database.
PersonDao.java
package com.concretepage.dao;
import javax.transaction.Transactional;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.orm.hibernate4.HibernateTemplate;
import com.concretepage.entity.Person;
@Transactional
public class PersonDao implements IPersonDao {
	@Autowired
	private HibernateTemplate  hibernateTemplate;
	public void savePerson() {
		Person person = new Person();
		person.setId(1);
		person.setName("Ram");
		hibernateTemplate.save(person);
	}
} 

Main Class

Finally test the Spring 4 and Hibernate 4 Integration.
Spring4Hibernate4Test.java
package com.concretepage;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.AnnotationConfigApplicationContext;
import com.concretepage.config.AppConfig;
import com.concretepage.dao.IPersonDao;
public class Spring4Hibernate4Test {
  public static void main(String[] args) {
	  AnnotationConfigApplicationContext ctx = new AnnotationConfigApplicationContext();
  	  ctx.register(AppConfig.class);
	  ctx.refresh();
	  IPersonDao pdao = ctx.getBean(IPersonDao.class);
	  pdao.savePerson();
	  System.out.println("Done");
  }
} 
Output
Run the main class and check the database for person that is saved.
Spring 4 + Hibernate 4 + Gradle Integration Example using Annotation

Download Source Code

POSTED BY
ARVIND RAI
ARVIND RAI
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