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Spring 4 REST XML Response Example with Jackson 2

By Arvind Rai, June 29, 2016
On this page we will provide spring 4 REST web service XML response example with Jackson 2. We need to configure message converter to read and write XML. Spring provides MappingJackson2XmlHttpMessageConverter to achieve this purpose when using Jackson and is instantiated using custom ObjectMapper which is customized to indent the XML code, configure date format etc. The bean will be created using @JacksonXmlRootElement and @JacksonXmlProperty. The controller will expose REST web service method that will produce media type as application/xml. In our demo we will use java configuration as well as XML configuration to configure message converter. Now find the complete example.

Software Used

Find the software used in our example.
1. Java 8
2. Spring 4.2.6.RELEASE
3. Jackson 2.7.5
4. Tomcat 8
5. Eclipse
6. Gradle

Project Demo

Project Structure in Eclipse for Java Configuration

Find the project structure in eclipse for java configuration.
Spring 4 REST XML Response Example with Jackson 2

Gradle File to Resolve Spring and Jackson 2 JAR Dependencies

Find gradle file to resolve spring and Jackson 2 JAR dependencies and build the project.
build.gradle
apply plugin: 'java'
apply plugin: 'eclipse'
apply plugin: 'war'
archivesBaseName = 'spring-rest'
version = '1' 
repositories {
    mavenCentral()
}
dependencies {
    compile 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-web:1.3.5.RELEASE'
    compile 'com.fasterxml.jackson.dataformat:jackson-dataformat-xml:2.7.5'
    compile 'org.codehaus.woodstox:woodstox-core-asl:4.4.1'
} 

Java Configuration for MappingJackson2XmlHttpMessageConverter

To get XML response we need to use message converter. Jackson 2 provides MappingJackson2XmlHttpMessageConverter that is being configured using Jackson2ObjectMapperBuilder.
AppConfig.java
package com.concretepage.config;  
import java.util.List;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.ComponentScan;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.http.converter.HttpMessageConverter;
import org.springframework.http.converter.json.Jackson2ObjectMapperBuilder;
import org.springframework.http.converter.xml.MappingJackson2XmlHttpMessageConverter;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.EnableWebMvc;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.WebMvcConfigurerAdapter;
@Configuration 
@ComponentScan("com.concretepage") 
@EnableWebMvc   
public class AppConfig extends WebMvcConfigurerAdapter {  
    @Override
    public void configureMessageConverters(List<HttpMessageConverter<?>> converters) {
        Jackson2ObjectMapperBuilder builder = Jackson2ObjectMapperBuilder.xml();
        builder.indentOutput(true);
        converters.add(new MappingJackson2XmlHttpMessageConverter(builder.build()));
    }	
} 
configureMessageConverters() : This method configures HttpMessageConverters that reads and writes request and response body.
Jackson2ObjectMapperBuilder : This is a builder to create ObjectMapper instance.
MappingJackson2XmlHttpMessageConverter: It is used to read and write XML.

Create Bean with @JacksonXmlRootElement and @JacksonXmlProperty

Find the bean whose instance will be converted in XML data.
Company.java
package com.concretepage;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.dataformat.xml.annotation.JacksonXmlProperty;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.dataformat.xml.annotation.JacksonXmlRootElement;
@JacksonXmlRootElement(localName="company-info", namespace="com.concretepage")
public class Company {
	@JacksonXmlProperty(localName="id", isAttribute=true)
	private Integer id;
	@JacksonXmlProperty(localName="company-name")
	private String companyName;
	@JacksonXmlProperty(localName="ceo-name")
	private String ceoName;
	@JacksonXmlProperty(localName="no-emp")
	private Integer noEmp;
	public Integer getId() {
		return id;
	}
	public void setId(Integer id) {
		this.id = id;
	}
	public String getCompanyName() {
		return companyName;
	}
	public void setCompanyName(String companyName) {
		this.companyName = companyName;
	}
	public String getCeoName() {
		return ceoName;
	}
	public void setCeoName(String ceoName) {
		this.ceoName = ceoName;
	}
	public Integer getNoEmp() {
		return noEmp;
	}
	public void setNoEmp(Integer noEmp) {
		this.noEmp = noEmp;
	}
} 
@JacksonXmlRootElement : It is similar to JAXB XmlRootElement that defines the name of the root element.
@JacksonXmlProperty : It defines XML specific properties. It has a boolean attribute isAttribute. If it is true, the class filed will be converted to an attribute of root tag, otherwise it will be a property of XML response.

Create Controller using @RestController

Now create the controller class using spring 4 @RestController. This class will expose REST web service methods. The method should produce media type as application/xml.
CompanyController.java
package com.concretepage;
import org.springframework.http.MediaType;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;
@RestController
@RequestMapping("/app")
public class CompanyController {
	@RequestMapping(value= "/fetch/{id}", produces = MediaType.APPLICATION_XML_VALUE)
	public Company getForObjectXMLDemo(@PathVariable(value = "id") Integer id) {
		Company comp = new Company();
		comp.setId(id);
		comp.setCompanyName("XYZ");
		comp.setCeoName("ABCD");
		comp.setNoEmp(100);
		return comp;
	}	
} 

Create Web Application Initializer

Now we create web application initializer.
WebAppInitializer.java
package com.concretepage.config;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.support.AbstractAnnotationConfigDispatcherServletInitializer;
public class WebAppInitializer extends AbstractAnnotationConfigDispatcherServletInitializer  {
	@Override
	protected Class<?>[] getRootConfigClasses() {
       	   return new Class[] { AppConfig.class };
	}
	@Override
        protected Class<?>[] getServletConfigClasses() {
           return null;
        }
        @Override
        protected String[] getServletMappings() {
           return new String[]{"/"};
        } 
} 

Project Structure in Eclipse for XML Configuration

We will also discuss how to configure message converter in XML configuration. Find the project structure in eclipse.
Spring 4 REST XML Response Example with Jackson 2

XML Configuration for MappingJackson2XmlHttpMessageConverter

Here we will configure MappingJackson2XmlHttpMessageConverter using XML configuration.
dispatcher-servlet.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
    xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">            

   <context:component-scan base-package="com.concretepage"/>
   <mvc:annotation-driven>
      <mvc:message-converters>
         <bean class="org.springframework.http.converter.xml.MappingJackson2XmlHttpMessageConverter">
            <property name="objectMapper" ref="xmlMapper"/>
         </bean>
      </mvc:message-converters>
   </mvc:annotation-driven>
   <bean id="xmlMapper" parent="objectMapper">   
      <property name="createXmlMapper" value="true"/>
   </bean>
   <bean id="objectMapper" class="org.springframework.http.converter.json.Jackson2ObjectMapperFactoryBean">
      <property name="indentOutput" value="true"/>
   </bean>   
</beans>  

web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
        xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
        xmlns:web="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd" 
        xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee
            http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd" id="WebApp_ID" version="3.0">

        <display-name>Spring 4 REST XML Example</display-name> 
	<servlet>
		<servlet-name>dispatcher</servlet-name>
		<servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
		<load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
	</servlet>
	<servlet-mapping>
		<servlet-name>dispatcher</servlet-name>
		<url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
	</servlet-mapping>
	<context-param>
		<param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
		<param-value>/WEB-INF/dispatcher-servlet.xml</param-value>
	</context-param>
	<listener>
		<listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
	</listener>
</web-app>  

Run Application

Find the steps to run the example.
1. Download source code and navigate to the root directory of the project using command prompt.
2. Run the gradle command gradle clean build to create WAR file.
3. Deploy WAR in tomcat and access the URL
http://localhost:8080/spring-rest-1/app/fetch/15
4. View the source code. The output will be as follows.
<company-info xmlns="com.concretepage" id="15">
  <company-name xmlns="">XYZ</company-name>
  <ceo-name xmlns="">ABCD</ceo-name>
  <no-emp xmlns="">100</no-emp>
</company-info> 

Download Complete Source Code

POSTED BY
ARVIND RAI
ARVIND RAI
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