Home  >  Spring 4

Consume RESTful Web Service using AngularJS + Spring 4 REST + JSON with ngResource and $http Example

By Arvind Rai, April 30, 2016
On this page we will provide how to consume RESTful web service using AngularJS, Spring 4 REST and JSON with ngResource and $http example. $http is a core AngularJS service which is used to call http request methods. To call http GET and POST methods, $http provides $http.get and $http.post. ngResource is high level abstraction for $http. ngResource is particularly used to interact with RESTful web services. ngResource module has $resource service which provides default methods like get, save, query, remove and delete to interact with RESTful web service. Here on this page we will provide how to consume RESTful web services. For the demo we will fetch a complete list of person as well as we will fetch person by id.

Software Used

Find the software used in our example.
1. Java 8
2. Spring 4.2.5.RELEASE
3. Tomcat 8
4. Gradle
5. AngularJS 1.4.9
6. Eclipse

Project Structure in Eclipse

Find the project structure in eclipse.
Consume RESTful Web Service using AngularJS + Spring 4 REST + JSON with ngResource and $http Example

Spring and AngularJS Libraries

Find the gradle file to build the spring project.
build.gradle
apply plugin: 'java'
apply plugin: 'eclipse'
apply plugin: 'war'
archivesBaseName = 'spring4'
version = '1' 
repositories {
    mavenCentral()
}
dependencies {
    compile 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-web:1.3.3.RELEASE'
    providedRuntime 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-tomcat:1.3.3.RELEASE'    
}  
For AngularJS we need below libraries.
1. angular.min.js
2. angular-resource.min.js
Find the URL to get help to install libraries.

Consume RESTful Web Service using AngularJS ngResource

ngResource module is dedicated to work with RESTful web service using JSON. ngResource is a higher level of abstraction on $http. ngResource has $resource service which provides default methods like get, save, query, remove and delete. Find the AngularJS code.
app-ngresource.js
var app = angular.module('myApp', ['ngResource']);
app.factory('Person', ['$resource', function ($resource) {
    return $resource('http://localhost:8080/spring4-1/info/person/:personId', {personId: '@pid'});
}]);
app.controller('PersonController', ['$scope', 'Person', function($scope, Person) {
    this.persons=[];
    this.fetchAllPersons = function(){
    	this.persons = Person.query();
    };
    this.fetchPersonById = function(id){
    	this.persons[0] = Person.get({ personId: id}, function() {
    		console.log(id);
 	});
    };
    this.fetchAllPersons();
    //this.fetchPersonById(2);
}]);     
If personId has no value, the URL will be created as follows.
http://localhost:8080/spring4-1/info/person.
And if personId has value, suppose 22, then the URL will be created as follows.
http://localhost:8080/spring4-1/info/person/22.
To fetch all person use fetchAllPersons() and to fetch person by ID use fetchPersonById() method. Now find the view code.
page-ngresource.jsp
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en-US">
  <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8" /> 
    <title> Spring 4 REST + AngularJS </title>
  </head>
  <body ng-app="myApp">
    <div ng-controller="PersonController as personCtrl">
       <h1> Spring 4 REST + AngularJS </h1>
       <table>
	      <tr><th>ID </th> <th>Name</th> <th>Location</th></tr>
	      <tr ng-repeat="row in personCtrl.persons">
	         <td><span ng-bind="row.pid"></span></td>
	         <td><span ng-bind="row.name"></span></td>
	         <td><span ng-bind="row.location"></span></td>
	      </tr>	
	</table>
	</div>
        <script src="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/app-resources/js/lib/angular.min.js"></script>
        <script src="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/app-resources/js/lib/angular-resource.min.js"></script>
	<script src="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/app-resources/js/app-ngresource.js"></script>
 </body>
</html>   

ng-app: This directive is used to auto bootstrap AngularJS application.
ng-controller: It attaches a controller class to the view.
ng-bind: It replaces the text value of element with given expression.

Consume RESTful Web Service using AngularJS $http

$http is a core AngularJS service. It is used to call HTTP request methods such as $http.get, $http.head, $http.post, $http.put, $http.delete. Here we will use $http.get to consume RESTful web service. Find the AngularJS code.
app-http.js
var myApp = angular.module('myApp', []);
myApp.controller('PersonController', function($scope, $http){
    $scope.persons = [];
    $http.get('http://localhost:8080/spring4-1/info/person')
		.then(function (response){
			$scope.persons = response.data; //For multiple row
			//$scope.persons[0] = response.data; //For single row
			console.log("status:" + response.status);
		}).catch(function(response) {
		  console.error('Error occurred:', response.status, response.data);
		}).finally(function() {
			 console.log("Task Finished.");
		});
});   
To consume all person data as JSON array using the URL
http://localhost:8080/spring4-1/info/person
We need to enable below line of code.
$scope.persons = response.data;
And to get a single person by id, suppose 2, with the URL
http://localhost:8080/spring4-1/info/person/2
Enable below line of code.
$scope.persons[0] = response.data;

Now find the view code.
page-http.jsp
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en-US">
  <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8" /> 
    <title> Spring 4 REST + AngularJS </title>
  </head>
  <body ng-app="myApp">
    <div ng-controller="PersonController">
       <h1> Spring 4 REST + AngularJS </h1>
       <table>
	      <tr><th>ID </th> <th>Name</th> <th>Location</th></tr>
	      <tr ng-repeat="row in persons">
	         <td><span ng-bind="row.pid"></span></td>
	         <td><span ng-bind="row.name"></span></td>
	         <td><span ng-bind="row.location"></span></td>
	      </tr>	
	</table>
	</div>
        <script src="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/app-resources/js/lib/angular.min.js"></script>
	<script src="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/app-resources/js/app-http.js"></script>
 </body>
</html>   

Create Service and Controller

Find the service class and spring controllers used in our example.
PersonService.java
package com.concretepage.service;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.function.Predicate;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
import com.concretepage.bean.Person;
@Service
public class PersonService {
	private List<Person> list = new ArrayList<>();
	{
		list.add(new Person(1, "Mahesh", "Varanasi"));
		list.add(new Person(2, "Ram", "Ayodhya"));
		list.add(new Person(3, "Krishna", "Mathura"));
		list.add(new Person(4, "Ravan", "Srilanka"));
	}
	public Person getPersonById(int pid) {
		Predicate<Person> personPredicate = p-> p.getPid() == pid;
		Person obj = list.stream().filter(personPredicate).findFirst().get();
		return obj;
	}	
	public List<Person> getAllPersons(){
		return list;
	}
} 
PersonController.java
package com.concretepage.controller;
import java.util.List;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.http.HttpStatus;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseStatus;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;
import com.concretepage.bean.Person;
import com.concretepage.service.PersonService;
@RestController
@RequestMapping("/info")
public class PersonController {
	@Autowired
	private PersonService personService;
	@RequestMapping(value="/person/{id}", method = RequestMethod.GET )
	public Person getPersonById(@PathVariable("id") Integer id) {
		Person person = personService.getPersonById(id);
		return person;
	}	
	@ResponseStatus(HttpStatus.OK)
	@RequestMapping(value= "/person", method = RequestMethod.GET)
	public List<Person> getAllPersons() {
		List<Person> list = personService.getAllPersons();
		return list;
	}
}  
HomeController.java
package com.concretepage.controller;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
@Controller
@RequestMapping("/app")
public class HomeController {
	@RequestMapping("/page-ngresource")
	public String pageNgResource() {
 		return "page-ngresource";
 	}
	@RequestMapping("/page-http")
	public String pageHttp() {
 		return "page-http";
 	}
} 
Person.java
package com.concretepage.bean;
public class Person {
	private int pid;
	private String location;
	private String name;
	public Person() {}
	public Person(int pid, String name, String location){
		this.pid = pid;
		this.location = location;
		this.name = name;
	}
	public int getPid() {
		return pid;
	}
	public void setPid(int pid) {
		this.pid = pid;
	}
	public String getLocation() {
		return location;
	}
	public void setLocation(String location) {
		this.location = location;
	}
	public String getName() {
		return name;
	}
	public void setName(String name) {
		this.name = name;
	}
} 

Spring Configuration

Find the java configuration class used in our example.
AppConfig.java
package com.concretepage.config;  
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.ComponentScan;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.EnableWebMvc;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.ResourceHandlerRegistry;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.WebMvcConfigurerAdapter;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver;
@Configuration 
@ComponentScan("com.concretepage") 
@EnableWebMvc   
public class AppConfig extends WebMvcConfigurerAdapter  {  
    @Bean  
    public InternalResourceViewResolver viewResolver() {  
	InternalResourceViewResolver resolver = new InternalResourceViewResolver();  
        resolver.setPrefix("/WEB-INF/view/");  
        resolver.setSuffix(".jsp");
        return resolver;  
    }
    @Override
    public void addResourceHandlers(ResourceHandlerRegistry registry) {
    	registry.addResourceHandler("/app-resources/**").addResourceLocations("/resources/");
    }    
}   

Spring Web Application Initializer

Find the web application initializer class.
WebAppInitializer.java
package com.concretepage.config;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.support.AbstractAnnotationConfigDispatcherServletInitializer;
public class WebAppInitializer extends AbstractAnnotationConfigDispatcherServletInitializer {
	@Override
	protected Class<?>[] getRootConfigClasses() {
		return new Class[] { AppConfig.class };
	}
	@Override
	protected Class<?>[] getServletConfigClasses() {
		return null;
	}
	@Override
	protected String[] getServletMappings() {
		return new String[] { "/" };
	}
} 

Output

To run demo for ngResource, run the URL
http://localhost:8080/spring4-1/app/page-ngresource
and to run demo for $http, run the URL
http://localhost:8080/spring4-1/app/page-http
Find the output for app person.
Consume RESTful Web Service using AngularJS + Spring 4 REST + JSON with ngResource and $http Example
Output for single person.
Consume RESTful Web Service using AngularJS + Spring 4 REST + JSON with ngResource and $http Example
Now I am done. You may also like the below link.

Spring MVC 4 REST + AngularJS + Hibernate 4 Integration CRUD Tutorial with ngResource Example

Download Complete Source Code

POSTED BY
ARVIND RAI
ARVIND RAI
FIND MORE TUTORILAS










Copyright ©2017 concretepage.com, all rights reserved |Privacy Policy | Contact Us